Background: We observed that acute pancreatitis (AP) was associated with diffuse reduction of spleen density (DROSD) in some patients. Furthermore, the condition of these patients was more serious, and the potential relationship between DROSD and structural and functional injury of the spleen remained unclear. Therefore, we performed a preliminary exploration of these factors.
Methods: We analysed pertinent clinical data for AP patients with normal spleen density (control group) and for those with DROSD (reduction group) at the First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University (2013.06-2015.06). We measured the immunoglobulin M (IgM) B cells of the AP patients and examined pancreatic and splenic tissues from AP rats with optical microscopy and transmission electron microscopy (TEM).
Results: The reduction group had a higher Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) score, a longer length of stay and lower serum calcium than the control group. The levels of triglycerides and total cholesterol did not differ significantly between the two groups. The percentage of IgM memory B cells was significantly lower in the DROSD group than in the control group. TEM revealed that the spleen T lymphocytes were normal in AP rats, but pyroptotic and necrotic spleen B cells were observed in the severe AP rats.
Discussion: In AP, DROSD was an independent indicator of more severe conditions. Furthermore, spleen B lymphocytes showed obvious damage at the cellular level, and the immunological function of the spleen was down-regulated when AP was associated with DROSD.
- acute pancreatitis
- spleen density
- B cell
- ©2016 The Author(s)
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