As a third-generation sequencing method, single-molecule real-time (SMRT) technology provides long read length, and it is well suited for re-sequencing projects and de novo assembly. In this study, Pseudomonas aeruginosa PA1 was characterized and re-sequenced using SMRT technology. PA1 was also subjected to genomic, comparative, and pan-genomic analyses. The multi-drug resistant strain PA1 possesses a 6,498,072 bp genome and a sequence type of ST-782. The genome of PA1 was also visualized, and the results revealed the details of general genome annotations, virulence factors, regulatory proteins, secretion system proteins, type II toxin-antitoxin pairs, and genomic islands. Whole genome comparison analysis suggested that PA1 exhibits similarity to other P. aeruginosa strains but differs in terms of horizontal gene transfer (HGT) regions, such as prophages and genomic islands. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA sequences demonstrated that PA1 is closely related to PAO1, and P. aeruginosa strains can be divided into two main groups. The pan-genome of P. aeruginosa consists of a core genome of approximately 4,000 genes and an accessory genome of at least 6,600 genes. This study presented a detailed, visualized, and comparative analysis of the PA1 genome, to enhance our understanding of this notorious pathogen.
- Genomic analyses
- Single-molecule real-time technology
- Pseudomonas aeruginosa
- Multi-drug resistance
- ©2016 The Author(s)
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