Surfactin has multiple immune activities, such as triggering immune-related defense responses and enhancing humoral and cellular immune responses. While, the mechanisms are still unclear. The maturation of dendritic cells (DCs) is essential for inducing downstream immune response. To shed light on the mechanisms of surfactin-induced immune activities, we verified the influences of surfactin on DCs maturation. The results showed that after stimulated with 20 μg/ml surfactin for 24 h, DCs were conferred morphologic and phenotypic characteristics of a mature state, showing an increased shape index and up-regulated expressions of MHCII and CD40. Moreover, surfactin also induced DCs to release IL-6 and TNF-α, indicating that DCs were functionally mature. In addition, the IκB-α level in surfactin-treated DCs was significantly reduced while the nuclear p65 level was notably increased, preliminarily indicating that nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway might play an important role in surfactin-induced DCs maturation.
- DCs maturation
- ©2016 The Author(s)
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