There is conflicting evidence as to whether water drinking elicits a pressor response in healthy young adults. The inclusion of a variable number of women may have contributed to the discrepancies found in past research. Thus, we aimed at exploring whether the osmopressor response follows a sexually dimorphic pattern. In a randomized fashion, 31 healthy adults (16 men; 15 women, aged 18-40 years) ingested 50 and 500 mL of water before completing a resting protocol on two separate days. Arterial blood pressure, heart rate and spectral heart rate variability were measured in the seated position at pre- and post-25 min of water ingestion.Women responded to 500 mL of water with a greater proportion of change in diastolic and mean arterial pressure (p < 0.05). Conversely, the percent change in systolic blood pressure and heart rate was not different between sexes after 500 mL of water. Overall, women demonstrated lower blood pressure, but higher resting heart rate compared to men (p < 0.05). In contrast, heart rate variability was similar between sexes before and after ingesting either volume of water. There was a bradycardic effect of water and, irrespectively of sex; this was accompanied by increased high frequency power (p < 0.05). We conclude that women display a greater magnitude of pressor response than men post-water ingestion. Accordingly, we provide direct evidence of sexual dimorphism in the hemodynamic response to water intake in young healthy adults.
- Copyright 2016 The Author(s)
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