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Instructions for Authors
- 1. Editorial policy
- 2. Open Access policy - NEW
- 3. Authorship
- 4. Online submission of papers
- 5. Originality of papers
- 6. Form of manuscript
- 7. Accepted papers
- 7.1 Tables
- 7.2 Figures
- 7.3 Mathematics
- 8. Journal features
- 8.1 Immediate Publications
- 8.2 Medline links and inter-journal linking
- 8.3 Multimedia adjuncts
- 9. Addresses for correspondence
- 10. Experimental and publishing ethics
- 10.1 Animal experimentation
- 10.2 Human experimentation
- 11. Tables
- 12. Figures
- 12.1 Image acquisition and manipulation
- 13. References
- 14. Proofs
- 15. Offprints
- 16. Portland Press books
1. Editorial policy
Bioscience Reports provides researchers with recent advances across the whole breadth of the life sciences, publishing original articles and reviews on topics related to biochemistry, molecular biology and cell biology.
Original papers and reviews will be considered. Normally, however, review articles will be invited by the Editor-in-Chief; any person wishing to submit an unsolicited review article for consideration should, in the first instance, send a summary of the proposed article to the Editor-in-Chief, who will advise the author regarding its potential suitability.
Original papers must contain sufficient detail to enable others to repeat the work. Manuscripts are accepted for review with the understanding that the same work has not been published elsewhere in any language, including publication on the World Wide Web (WWW); that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that its submission for publication has been approved by all of the authors and by the institution where the work was carried out; that all persons entitled to authorship have been so named; and that any person cited as a source of personal communication has approved such citation. Written authorization may be required at the Editor's direction. Abstracts of oral or poster presentations are not considered to constitute previous publication. Preliminary communications in journals that regularly publish reports in this form will not preclude publication of a paper in Bioscience Reports, provided the full paper contains additional information that justifies its publication and does not repeat the presentation of the same data. To facilitate evaluation of this matter by the Editors, submitted manuscripts should be accompanied by copies of all preliminary communications and of all relevant manuscripts that are in press or under editorial consideration elsewhere.
Bioscience Reports is a member of COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics) and endorses its guidelines, which are available at http://www.publicationethics.org.uk. Complaints against the Journal must be submitted in writing to the Editor-in-Chief; if a complaint is not resolved to the satisfaction of the complainant they have the option of referring the matter to COPE.
Notwithstanding, the Editorial Board will not accept papers where the ethical aspects are, in the Board's opinion, open to doubt
Furthermore, as a member of COPE, Bioscience Reports will always investigate fully any matters of apparent misconduct that it becomes aware of. The Journal also follows the guidelines published by COPE in respect of the retraction of articles.
Authors are strongly encouraged to disclose all relevant financial interests and sources of research funding that could be perceived to compromise the integrity of their article published in Bioscience Reports.
Submission of a paper implies that authors will make available samples of unique biological materials (including cell lines, DNA clones and antibodies) to academic workers who request them.
Authors are encouraged to suggest a suitable member of the Editorial Board and up to five potential reviewers for their paper. Authors may also specify the names of those they wish to be excluded from the review process for a particular paper; in such cases their wishes will usually be respected, unless, of course, in the opinion of the journal such a request unreasonably excludes all the expertise available to it in that scientific area.
Bioscience Reports follows a rigorous reviewing procedure, which, for each paper, requires written input from two reviewers, one of whom will usually be a member of the Editorial Board. The Editorial Office, if required, receives advice before selecting the team of people involved in each paper and in each case the Editorial Office ensures that those involved in the process act independently and have no conflict of interest in the paper. In case of a complaint, the Editor-in-Chief, if it is deemed necessary and appropriate, may ask for additional review(s) before making a decision. In all cases, the final decision rests with the Editor-in-Chief. The Editorial Board reserves the right to reject papers that are unsuitable for the journal or cannot adequately be assessed because of a poor standard of English.
2. Open Access policy - NEW
Bioscience Reports is published by Portland Press Limited on behalf of the Biochemical Society, the sole owner of the Journal. On acceptance we will ask you to sign an Open Access Licence to Publish to allow your article to be distributed by Portland Press Limited and the Biochemical Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licence (http://creativecommons.org/licences/by/3.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited. Once your Licence to Publish has been received and payment of the relevant Open Access publication fee (standard fee: £1075, $1750 and €1350; Biochemical Society members: £695, $1075 and €775;) has been made, your accepted paper will be processed and the Version of Record of your article will be made freely available upon publication (for definitions of journal article versions, see the Recommended Practice of the National Information Standards Organization in Partnership with the Association of Learned and Professional Society Publishers). The Version of Record of your paper will also be deposited with PubMed Central.
Users of Open Access articles are entitled to use, reproduce, disseminate or display articles provided that:
- Original authorship is properly and fully attributed
- Bioscience Reports, Portland Press Limited and the Biochemical Society are acknowledged, and Bioscience Reports is given as the original place of the publication of the article with the correct citation details.
- If an article is subsequently reproduced or disseminated not in its entirety but only part or as a derivative work, this must be clearly indicated
Full details will be provided on the Licence to Publish that you will be asked to sign when your paper is accepted for publication.
Bioscience Reports endorses the Vancouver Guidelines on authorship as defined in the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors' (ICMJE) Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals, namely that entitlement to authorship should be based on all of the following criteria: (1) substantial contributions to conception and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; (2) drafting the article or revising it for important intellectual content; (3) final approval of the version to be published. Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group, alone, does not justify authorship. All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgements.
A paragraph outlining the contribution of each author to the study should be provided. This will be published as part of the paper.
4. Online submission of papers
Papers should be submitted online at www.bioscirep.org/submit/, where full instructions are available.
- Covering letter including the names, addresses and email addresses of four possible referees (two of whom should be from the editorial board; see the list on the Journal web page: http://www.bioscirep.org).
- Master electronic copy of typescript, as a one-line-spaced PDF (or separate files of text and illustrations):
- complete text in appropriate style, pages numbered
- full names and addresses of authors
- full name, address, telephone and fax numbers and email address of corresponding author (all correspondence and proofs will be sent to this author)
- Related papers in press or under editorial consideration
- Evidence of approval of personal communications
- Evidence of submission of nucleic acid or protein sequences to an appropriate data bank.
5. Originality of papers
Submission of a paper to Bioscience Reports implies that it has been approved by all the named authors, that all persons entitled to authorship have been so named, that it reports unpublished work that is not under consideration for publication elsewhere in any language, that conflicts of interest are declared and that proper reference is made to the preceding literature.
Bioscience Reports will not tolerate plagiarism in submitted manuscripts. Passages quoted or closely paraphrased from other authors (or from the submitting authors' own published work) must be identified as quotations or paraphrases, and the sources of the quoted or paraphrased material must be acknowledged. Use of unacknowledged sources will be construed as plagiarism. If any manuscript is found to contain plagiarized material the review process will be halted immediately.
6. Form of manuscript
Manuscripts should be written in clear, concise, and grammatically correct English; manuscripts that are inadequately prepared will be declined, since it is not feasible for the Editors to undertake extensive revision or rewriting of manuscripts. Editorial style should follow that recommended in the Instructions to Authors of the Biochemical Journal (see http://www.BiochemJ.org). Nomenclature, abbreviations and symbols should wherever possible follow the recommendations of the Nomenclature Committee of the IUBMB and the IUPAC-IUBMB Joint Committee on Biochemical Nomenclature (see http://www.chem.qmul.ac.uk/iupac/index.html). The International System of Units (SI; see Quantities, Units and Symbols in Physical Chemistry, 3rd edn, 2007, RSC Publishing, Cambridge) should be used; however, certain non-SI units (e.g. angstrom, minute) will continue to be accepted.
Page 1 should contain the article title, name(s) of author(s) (with first or second given name spelled out in full), affiliation(s), a short running title (abbreviated form of title) of less than 50 characters including spaces, and the name and complete mailing address (including telephone and fax numbers and e-mail address) of the person to whom correspondence should be sent.
Page 2 should contain a short synopsis of up to 250 words, a list of up to six key words (in alphabetical order), of which at least three do not appear in the title of the paper, and any footnotes to the text. A list of abbreviations used should form the first footnote and should not bear a symbol. Other footnotes, identified by superscript arabic numerals, should be limited to dedications, an identification of the corresponding author and an author's present address.
The recommended organization of an article is: (i) synopsis, (ii) introduction, (iii) materials and methods (or experimental), (iv) results, (v) discussion, (vi) author contribution (a paragraph outlining the contribution of each author to the study) (vii) acknowledgements, (viii) funding (in the form of a sentence with the funding agency written out in full followed by the grant number in square brackets) and (ix) references. Combination of certain of these sections (e.g. results and discussion) may make the presentation clearer.
7. Accepted papers
On acceptance authors will be requested to supply a Word file of the final version of their paper to the Editorial Office. Authors must ensure that the file has been updated to incorporate all revisions, and hence that file matches the final version of the manuscript seen by the reviewers. Our preferred word-processing format is Word for Windows version 6.
Tables should be prepared using the Microsoft Word table editor.
No artwork should be incorporated into the text files. Figures should be supplied as electronic files. Full instructions will be provided on acceptance and guidance notes for the preparation of figures are available here.
In-line equations should be typed as text. Displayed equations (unless prepared by the 'MathType Equation Editor') are re-keyed by our typesetter.
8. Journal features
8.1 Immediate Publications
PDFs of manuscripts are mounted on the Journal's website as Bioscience Reports Immediate Publications as soon as the open-access publication fee has been received, unless on submission the author has requested that this not be done. Bioscience Reports Immediate Publications are listed in and accessible through Medline.
8.2 Medline links and inter-journal linking
Bioscience Reports provides links to Medline citations, to related papers in Medline, to Medline citations for downloading to citation management software, and from references to the relevant abstracts in other online journals.
8.3 Multimedia adjuncts
Bioscience Reports offers authors the opportunity to enhance their papers with multimedia adjuncts (e.g. time-lapse movies, three-dimensional structures). These will be submitted to peer review alongside the manuscript. To submit a paper with a multimedia adjunct, attach the file when you submit your manuscript online. Preferred formats are AVI, SWF, MPEG, QT and MOV for time-lapse movies, PDB for structures and Flash for animated schemes. There is no extra charge associated with the publication of a multimedia adjunct online.
9. Addresses for correspondence
- Correspondence about papers from the USA, Canada, Mexico and Central and South America should be sent to:
- Dr Sharon Schendel, Administrative Editor
- Bioscience Reports US Office
- The Sanford-Burnham Institute for Medical Research
- 10901 N Torrey Pines Road
- La Jolla
- CA 92037
- telephone +1 858 795 5283
- fax +1 858 795 5284
- email email@example.com
- Correspondence about papers from all other countries, proofs, offprints and requests for permission to reproduce material should be addressed to:
- Dr James Mockridge, Executive Editor
- Bioscience Reports
- Portland Press Ltd.
- Third floor
- Charles Darwin House
- 12 Roger Street
- London WC1N 2JU
- telephone (UK) 020 7685 2410
- (from overseas) +44 20 7685 2410
- fax (UK) 020 7685 2469
- (from overseas) +44 20 7685 2469
- email firstname.lastname@example.org
10. Experimental and publishing ethics
10.1 Animal experimentation
Experiments with animals should be performed in accordance with the legal requirements of the relevant local or national authority. Procedures should be such that experimental animals do not suffer unnecessarily. The text of papers should include details of the strain or stock of animal used, experimental procedures, and of anaesthetics used. It is recommended that authors refer to the 'ARRIVE' Guidelines on the reporting of animal research.
10.2 Human experimentation
Papers describing any experimental work with humans should include a statement that the research has been carried out in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki (2008) of the World Medical Association, that the Ethical Committee of the Institution in which the work was performed has approved it, and that the subjects have given informed consent to the work.
The Editorial Board will not accept papers where the ethical aspects are, in the Board's opinion, open to doubt.
Tables should be numbered with arabic numerals (Table 1, Table 2, etc.) and cited consecutively in the text. Each table should be titled. Units must be clearly indicated for each of the entries in the table. Footnotes to tables should be identified by superscript lower-case roman letters and placed at the bottom of the table.
Figures should be cited consecutively in the text by arabic numerals (Figure 1, Figure 2, etc.). The use of tints should be avoided. Lettering on the figures should be of a size that allows for eventual reduction of the figures.
12.1 Image acquisition and manipulation
Images will be checked for manipulation when a paper is accepted. The Editorial Board may request that authors supply the original data for comparison against the prepared figures. If authors are unable to comply with such a request, the acceptance of the paper may be withdrawn.
Bioscience Reports endorses the guidelines given in the Instructions for Authors of the Journal of Cell Biology, from where the following is adapted by kind permission of Rockefeller University Press:
The following information must be provided about the acquisition and processing of images:
- Make and model of microscope
- Type, magnification, and numerical aperture of the objective lenses
- Imaging medium
- Camera make and model
- Acquisition software
- Any subsequent software used for image processing, with details about types of operations involved (e.g. type of deconvolution, 3D reconstructions, surface or volume rendering, gamma adjustments, etc.).
No specific feature within an image may be enhanced, obscured, moved, removed or introduced. The grouping of images from different parts of the same gel, or from different gels, fields or exposures must be made explicit by the arrangement of the figure (i.e. using dividing lines) and in the text of the figure legend. Adjustments of brightness, contrast or colour balance are acceptable if they are applied to the whole image and as long as they do not obscure, eliminate or misrepresent any information present in the original, including backgrounds.The background of figures should be clearly distinct from the surrounding page. Non-linear adjustments (e.g. changes to gamma settings) must be disclosed in the figure legend.
Authors are encouraged to read the papers by M. Rossner and K. M. Yamada (2004) J. Cell Biol. 166, 11-15 and A. J. North (2006) J.Cell Biol. 172, 9-18. Please also see our document Best practices for preparing figures showing gel and blot data
References should be cited in the text by arabic numerals in square brackets (e.g. , [2,3], [4-7]) and listed at the end of the paper in numerical order. Names and initials of all authors and inclusive pagination should be provided. Abbreviations of journal titles should conform to those of Chemical Abstracts Service Source Index, 1999, and subsequent Quarterly Supplements. Please note the following examples for a journal article, a chapter in a multi-author book, and a single-author book, respectively:
1. Zhao, W., McCallum, S.A., Xiao, Z., Zhang, F. and Linhardt, R.J. (2012) Binding affinities of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) for heparin-derived oligosaccharides. Biosci. Rep. 32, 71-81
2. Entwistle, N. (2003) in Excellence in Higher Education (De Corte, E., ed), pp. 83-96, Portland Press, London
3. Cornish-Bowden, A. (2004) Fundamentals of Enzyme Kinetics, 3rd edn, Portland Press Ltd, London
If an article has been accepted for publication but has not yet been published, the reference should appear as follows:
4. Wang, X., Lu, X., Zhou, G., Lou, H. and Luo, G. (2011) RECQL5 is an important determinant for camptothecin tolerance in human colorectal cancer cells. Biosci. Rep., in the press
Alternatively, for papers 'in the press', if the doi (digital object identifier) is known, then this should be cited instead:
5. Kang, H.J. Lee, Y.-m., Jeong, M.S., Kim, M., Bae, K.-H., Kim S.J. and Chung, S.J.
(2012) Molecular insight into the role of the leucine residue on the L2 loop in the catalytic activity of caspase 3 and 7. Biosci. Rep., doi:10.1042/BSR20120009
A reference to 'unpublished work' should be accompanied by the names of all persons concerned; documentary evidence that any person cited as the source of a 'personal communication' has agreed to this citation must be provided; both of these types of citation are permitted in the text only, not in the list of references. The use of 'in preparation' or 'submitted for publication' is not permitted.
References are often the cause of many proof corrections, and inaccuracies hamper inter-journal linking and Medline links in the online journal. Please check the list carefully before submission.
WWW URLs are permitted in the text only, not in the reference list, and should be quoted only when a literature reference(s) will not suffice.
Proofs will be sent to the authors by email as a PDF, together with an offprint order form. Authors will be charged for extensive alterations. To avoid delay in publication, corrected proofs should be faxed to the publisher within 48 hours of receipt.
Offprints may be purchased at the prices given on the order form sent with the proofs
16. Portland Press books
Authors, Editors and all contributors to Portland Press journals may order books published by Portland Press, for their personal use, at 25% discount. A complete list of books can be found at http://www.portlandpress.com
© Biochemical Society, London 2013